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Wednesday, January 27, 2010

VAASTU SHASTRA PRINCIPLE | PROPORTIONS


Whether one is creating a building, a craft item or an article of daily use, the aim of the design should be that: 
The designed product must be useful and lend itself to easy application. 
The designed product must be aesthetically pleasing. This principle covers the exterior of a building as well as the interior. 
The designed product must be capable of evoking a feeling of well-being and contentment.

MAANA - PROPORTION: 
For this, certain 'proportions' should be followed when designing an object or a building. The third principle of Vaastu Shastra is 'Maana or Proportionate Measurement'. According to Vaastu Shastra, adherence to Maana is imperative in all creative activity, be it sculpture or architecture because only then will an object created by man look perfect, proportionate and pleasing to the eye.


The ancient indian Vaastu pundits after trial and error, arrived at the perfect measurements- ratio of height, length and breadth- to create a proportionate three dimensional building. So for centuries afterwards, this became an easy formula for Architects to follow when designing buildings.

MEASUREMENTS:
In Indian Architecture the standards of measurements are Angula (3/4th. of an inch) and Hasta (18 inches). The measurement is divided into 6 categories. Proportionate ratios of these 6 categories are laid out for various uses:
  •  Measurement of height,
  •  Measurement of breadth,
  •  Measurement of width or circumference,
  •  Measurement along plumb lines,
  •  Measurement of thickness and
  •  Measurement of interspace.
RATIO OF HEIGHT TO BREADTH: 
The following ratios of Height to Breadth are  the best for buildings and each indicates a certain aspect of beauty and proportion.
  • Ratio of 1: When the Height is equal to the Breadth, the structure is considered to be aesthetically proportionate.
  • Ratio of 1.25: When the Height is 1.25 times the Breadth, the structure is considered to have good stability.
  • Ratio of 1.5: When the Height is 1.5 times the Breadth, the structure is considered to have a pleasant appearance.
  • Ratio of 1.75: When the Height is 1.75  times the Breadth, the structure is good in every way and will be appear both strong and beautiful.
  • Ratio of 2: When the Height is twice the Breadth, the structure will appear gorgeous.
Nowadays, people do not make an effort to follow proportion in buildings. The only consideration in the design of such structures is about maximising the F.A.R. / F.S.I. and no thought is given to the height or proportion or whether the building will look overpowering or ugly.
This is why a science like Vaastu Shastra should be referred to when people have doubts about proportions and aesthetics. All the proportions and dimensions for creating a beautiful house have been handed down to us on a platter in the form of formulae. Read about all this in the next post:
SUGGESTED READING:
Vaastu Shastra is a rational science based on facts, observations and governed by a set of principles. To understand the logic and reasoning of these Vaastu principles, go to Vastu Principle | Maana - Proportions

 

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